Glossary

 
ABM: Antiballistic Missile
 
ABSTAIN: to retrain from casting a "yes" or "no" vote
 
ACTIVIST: an individual who is extensively and vigorously involved in political activity, either within or outside the governmental system
 
ADJOURN: to suspend a session to another time or place or indefinitely
 
ADJUDGE: to decide or rule upon as a judge
 
AGENDA: a list of specific items of business to be considered at a legislative session, conference, or meeting
 
ALBM: Air Launched Ballistic Missile
 
ANNEX: to incorporate into a country the territory of another country
 
APARTHEID: the official policy of racial discrimination that existed in South Africa
 
ARBITRATION: process by which an outsider is authorized to dictate the terms of a settlement of a dispute if a voluntary agreement can not be reached
 
ARMISTICE: a temporary peace agreement
 
ASAT: Anti-Satellite weapon
 
AUSPICES: protection or patronage
 
AUTONOMY: independence, self- government
 
BELLIGERENT: group or nation which is engaged in a war or military conflict
 
BILATERAL: having or involving two sides
 
BOYCOTT: refusing to deal with a person, group, nation, or group of nations so as to punish or show disapproval
 
BREACH OF TREATY: failure to observe the terms of a signed treaty
 
BUILD DOWN: the theory of building up the weapons arsenals of the U.S. and Russia until equal and then negotiating reductions in arms from their new equal standing
 
CAPITALISM: an economic system characterized by private or corporate ownership of capital goods by investments that are determined by private decisions rather than by state control, and by prices, production, and the distribution of good that are determined mainly by competition in a free market
 
CARTEL: an association of industrialists or nations formed to establish an international monopoly
 
CAUCUS: a meeting among delegates to discuss policy and topics outside of the formal meeting
 
CENSORSHIP: broadly, any government restrictions on speech or writing; more precisely, governmental restrictions on forms of expression before they are disseminated
 
CENSURE: to blame, criticize adversely, or express disapproval
 
COALITION: combination of two or more factions or parties for the purpose of achieving some political goal
 
COLLECTIVE SECURITY: all members accept joint responsibility for preserving peace
 
COMMUNISM: a totalitarian system of government in which a single authoritarian party controls state-owned means of production with the professed aim of establishing a stateless society
 
COMPENSARY FINANCING: credit designed to help raw material producer members of the IMF in times of poor market for their exports
 
COUP D'ETAT: a sudden and decisive act in politics, usually bringing about a change in government unlawfully and by force
 
CRUISE MISSILE: a long range jet- propelled, winged-bomb which can be launched from land, sea, or air and targeted by remote control; usually considered to be more accurate and low-flying than traditional missiles
 
CTB: comprehensive test ban
 
DECOLONIZATION: process of transferring a colony to a self-governing area
 
DEFLATION: a sustained decrease in the general price level
 
DELEGATE: a person who is a member of a delegation
 
DELEGATION: a group of delegates who represent a nation, state, political party, or special interest group; usually acting in formal procedures for specified goals
 
DEMILITARIZE: to free from military control
 
DEPRESSION: a sever economic slump (worse than a recession) characterized by very high unemployment
 
DEREGULATION: the act or process of removing restrictions and regulation
 
DESTABILIZATION: the act of making a government unsteady
 
DETAINMENT: detention, confinement
 
DILATORY: causing delay, repetitive
 
DIPLOMATIC IMMUNITY: special privileges accorded to diplomats and their families and staffs by international agreement, including freedom from arrest, search, and taxation
 
DISARMAMENT: the act of disarming; reduction of military forces and equipment
 
DISSEMINATION: the act or process of scattering or state of being scattered; usually referring to distribution of information
 
EASTERN BLOC: group of nations, traditionally led by Russia, whose general theory of government is Communism
 
EXPANSIONISM: the process of broadening a nation's borders
 
EXPROPRIATION: the taking of property into public ownership without compensation, such as the property of foreign investors or foreign industry in a nation
 
EXTRADITION: the surrender of a prisoner or fugitive by one state, nation, or legal authority to another
 
FOREIGN INTERVENTION: interference by one nation into the affairs of another
 
FORUM: an assembly for discussing questions of foreign interests
 
GNP: Gross National Product; the total value of the goods and services produced in a nation during a specific period of time
 
ICBM: Intercontinental Ballistic Missile; a missile, normally with multiple warheads, with a long range
 
IDEOLOGY: a comprehensive set of political, economic, and social views or ideas, particularly concerned with the form and role of government
 
INFLATION: a sustained increase in the general price level
 
INTEGRITY: honesty; sincerity; trustworthiness
 
INTER ALIA: among other things
 
INTERNAL AFFAIRS: having to do with operations within a nation; domestic affairs
 
JUNTA: a political or military group holding power after a revolution; a political faction; as assembly or council for deliberation or administration, especially in Spanish-speaking nations
 
JURISDICTION: authority vested in a court to hear and decide certain types of cases; term literally means "to say the law"
 
LESS DEVELOPED COUNTRIES (LDC): countries whose share of output composed of agricultural products, mining, and the like is relatively high, which engage in proportionally little industrial high-technology activity, and whose per capita incomes are generally comparatively low
 
MANDATE: a commission given to one nation by a group of nations to administer the government and affairs of a territory or colony
 
MEDIATION: process in which an outsider is brought into a dispute negotiation in the hopes that this person can lead the two sides to a voluntary agreement through persuasion
 
MULTINATIONAL CORPORATION: a company having branches in several nations
 
NATIONAL DEBT: a government's total indebtedness, which has resulted from previous deficits
 
NATIONALIZE: to invest control or ownership of industry in the national government
 
NATURAL RESOURCES: those actual or potential forms of wealth supplied by nature, such as coal, oil, water powers, arable land, etc.
 
NON-ALIGNED: a nation not politically tied to another, usually taking a neutral position between large power blocs
 
OLIGARCHY: a system of government in which political power is exercised by a small group of people, usually self- selected
 
ORPHAN DISEASES: isolated yet deadly diseases which have no cure as yet
 
PATENT: a temporary grant of monopoly rights over an invention
 
PEACE BUILDING: post conflict support for future peaceful resolution of differences
 
PEACE-KEEPING: the deployment of a United Nations presence in the field, hitherto with the consent of all the parties concerned, normally involving United Nations military and/or police personnel and frequently civilians as well.
 
PEACE-KEEPING FORCE: a group sent to maintain, enforce, or intervene to achieve a cessation of hostilities between opposing armies, nations, or other groups
 
PEACEMAKING: action to bring hostile parties to agreement, especially through peaceful means
 
PLENARY SESSION: a session attended by al of its qualified members
 
PREVENTIVE DIPLOMACY: action to prevent disputes from arising between parties, to prevent existing disputes from escalating into conflicts and to limit the spread of the latter when they occur
 
PROCEDURAL: of or related to procedure
 
PROLIFERATION: a spreading; expansion; propagation
 
PROTECTIONISM: the process of government economic protection for domestic producers through restrictions on foreign competition
 
PROTECTORATE: a weak nation under the protection and partial control of a stronger nation
 
RAPPORTEUR: a member of a legislative miliary, or other official group appointed to record and make or draw up a report
 
RECESSION: period during which the total output of the economy declines
 
SANCTION: an action by several nations toward another nation intended to force it to obey international law
 
SATELLITE: a country that claims to be independent but is actually under the control of another
 
SECRETARIAT: the official office or position of Secretary-General; the department, including staff, buildings, etc. controlled by the Secretary-General
 
SELF-DETERMINATION: the decision by the people of a nation as to what form of government they shall have, without reference to the wishes of any other nation
 
SLBM: Submarine Launched Ballistic Missile
 
SOCIALISM: the theory or system of social organization by which the major means of production and distribution are owned, managed, and controlled by the government, by an association or workers, or the community as a whole
 
SOVEREIGN: independent of all others; supreme in power rank, or authority
 
SUBSTANTIVE: real, actual, essential
 
SUSPEND: to cause to stop temporarily, as a meeting; to set aside or make temporarily inoperative, as the rules
 
SYNFUELS: fuels synthesized from sources other than crude oil or natural gas
TARIFF: a schedule of duties, rates, or charges imposed by the government on imported or exported items
 
THIRD WORLD NATIONS: the underdeveloped nations of the world
 
TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATION: corporation whose operations transcend international borders
 
TRUSTEESHIP: the administration by a nation of a trust territory, approved by the UN, usually with the idea that the trust territory will be developed toward self-government or independence
 
TERRORISM: use of terror, especially the systematic use of terror by the government or other authority against particular persons or groups; a method of opposing a government internally or externally through the use of terror
 
VOID: without legal force or effect; not binding by law
 
WEAPON OF MASS DESTRUCTION: weapons whose effects are wide- spread or deemed to be excessively injurious to civilians or the environment, e.g. chemical, biological, and radiological warfare
 
WESTERN BLOC: group of nations, traditionally led by the United States, whose general theory of government is democratic and capitalist