Notes and Bibliography
"Also he made a molten sea of ten cubits from brim
to brim, round in compass, and five cubits the height thereof; and a line
of thirty cubits did compass it round about." (II Chronicles 4:2) Some
authors claim this passage as evidence that the ancient Hebrews used a
value of 3 for pi. This passage occurs as part of a description of the
building of Solomon's temple, and all the measurements in it are very round
numbers, so perhaps this was not meant to be more than a rough estimate.
Around the turn of the century the Indiana legislature,
in a fit of piety, tried to pass a law mandating the value of pi to be
3, citing the biblical passage quoted above as proof of the correct value.
Heath, T.L. (ed.), The Works of Archimedes (Dover
Edition, 1953), 93-98. Original published 1897, Cambridge University Press.
Heath's translations of Archimedes and Euclid are still generally considered
the standard today.
The Thirteen Books of Euclid's Elements, trans.
by Sir Thomas L. Heath, p. ??? Cambridge University Press, 1957.
The Works of Archimedes, op. cit., p. ???
Intermediate steps, supplied by Eutocius for the most
part, are shown in Heath's translation enclosed in square brackets.