ECO 2023 - Principles of Microeconomics
Spring 2015

CRN 10166 meets from 9:00 a.m. until 9:50 a.m. each Monday, Wednesday, and Friday in Lutgert Hall 1202

Bradley K. Hobbs, Ph.D.
BB&T Distinguished Professor of Free Enterprise

Lutgert College of Business
Department of Economics and Finance

Phone: 590-7162 (Voice Mail available 24/7)

home page:

Office: Lutgert Hall 3366

Office Hours: Monday and Wednesday 2:00 p.m. - 4:30 p.m., and by appointment.

A course syllabus is your primary reference for the course. It tells you what the professor expects from you and from himself. If you have a question concerning the workings of the course, turn to this reference first. It represents the "rules of the game", so to speak. If you want clarification or have a question which you feel is not adequately addressed: Ask now!

By virtue of remaining in this course you have provided implicit agreement with the policies and procedures laid out in this syllabus.


Official Course Description:
ECO 2023 - Principles of Microeconomics - 3.00 credits.
This course analyzes the individual components of an economic system. Special emphasis is placed on decision-making by individuals and by firms. The major market structures of competition and monopoly are covered and variations of these market structures are explored. The supply and demand model is introduced and used extensively to explain individual and firm behaviors in markets. An introduction to issues in international trade and finance are also part of this course.

Prerequisites: None formally, though MAC 1105 is strongly encouraged. There will be mathematics at the algebra and below level.

Hobbs' Course Description:
Microeconomic theory is the primary foundation for all other neoclassical economic theory including most of macroeconomics. Microeconomic theory provides insights into the behavior of both individual and collective actors (firms) in markets. This course is probably the most important core course in an economics curriculum and will require extensive outside work on your part.

The strength of this course is that it will provide you with an insight into how economists analyze practical problems which present themselves to policy makers in the real world. We will develop a "set of tools for analysis" which you will be expected to apply in a practical manner. The materials in this course are used extensively in economics, financial economics and all businesses at the higher levels of decision making.

There are questions at the end of each chapter which will help you to practice transferring your knowledge. We meet for 2.5 hours a week in class. I would strongly suggest that you block out 8 - 10 hours a week to study for this course. I will do all that I can to help you but the major responsibilities for this course lie on your shoulders. Office hours will be held regularly at posted times and by appointment. Please use these times to your advantage.

What we will attempt to do in this course:

Where most students have problems in this course is at that last step - transfer or application. Believe me when I say that you will be required to apply what you have acquired and retained. I expect you to be able to draw from the "economists' tool kit" to answer perplexing and interesting problems which you have not seen before.

ECO 2023 Learning Outcomes

LCOB Learning Goals (EPCK)

Graduates will:

Learning Objective (Measurable Outcomes)

Graduates will:

Course Learning Outcomes

Method of Assessment

Understand the business environment.

  • Demonstrate knowledge of ethical issues.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of global factors influencing business.
  • Explain the importance of environmental responsibility.



Be effective problem solvers.

Solve business problems using analytical tools.

1. Identify the basic economic problem.
Describe such concepts as scarcity, opportunity cost, and choice.
2. Examine markets and price determination.
Explain the determinants of supply and demand; describe and calculate comparative advantage, utility, and elasticity; and discuss price ceilings and floors.
3. Develop theories of the firm.
Explain and calculate revenues and costs.  Discuss marginal analysis and market structures.
4. Analyze factor markets.
Utilize factor markets to examine wages, rents, interest, profits, and income distribution.
5. Evaluate the role of government in a market economy.
Discuss the role of government in public goods, maintaining competition, externalities, taxation, and income distribution.

MEL & exams.

Be effective communicators.

  • Deliver effective oral presentations.
  • Prepare effective written reports.



Have interdisciplinary business knowledge.

  • Understand main concepts and definitions in accounting, economics, finance, information systems, management, marketing, and operations management.
  • Integrate knowledge across business disciplines.



The required materials for this course are outlined below.

The first step is to purchase the entire package at the FGCU bookstore. The ISBN 978-1-319-02885-5 for the packaged product we are using and includes: (1) a loose leaf (unbound 3-hole punch) version of the print textbook, (2) a printed Study Guide that accompanies your textbook, (3) the Access Card for Sapling Learning which is your online homework system. You are be expected to have a print copy of the textbook and Study Guide in all class meetings.

This package is based upon Tyler Cowen and Alex Tabarrok’s Modern Principles: Microeconomics, Second Edition. If you choose to continue in this course, purchase this package immediately because your Sapling homework starts immediately. We have worked very hard with Worth Publishing to get you the cheapest package possible. You are responsible for having all of these course materials. I am not responsible for, nor can I help you solve, any problems with your purchase if you attempt to bypass the instructions above. I've seen wrong books, wrong study guides, illicit software codes, among other problems. Caveat Emptor!

There is also a Worth Publishing support site for the book here which includes flashcards, self-test quizzes, and lecture Power Points. This is yet another excellent resource for studying. It also has self-quiz materials which you can use as you would the study guide. Here are the answers to the Homework Questions in the Study Guide.

The course assignments and materials are all on Sapling Learning. I will use it to transfer all course materials to you. Here are explicit directions for: (1) creating your Sapling Learning account and (2) registering for this particular course: Student Instructions

Once you have created your account, you will find FGCU and this course. You may be asked for a Key Code. If so, this will always be the five-digit FGCU CRN number for your course (e.g., CRN 12345 would be 12345, CRN 98765 would be 98765.)  I am often running multiple sections of this course so be sure to enter your CRN number if asked for a Key Code - otherwise you just signed up for the wrong course. You will then be required to pay for the course. This is where you will enter the Sapling Learning code that is packaged with the bookstore's textbook package. Do not enter credit card information unless you want to be charged twice.

NOTE: You can sign up immediately and will have a two-week grace period of access to the Sapling Homework and the Cowen and Tabarrok eText. You will get immediate access to an eText embedded within Sapling Learning but you cannot use an electronic book in the classroom: See my Electronics Policy below.

If you have problems, and problems will inevitably occur with technology, the solution is to contact Support at Sapling Learning for help. Their email address is:  They will be able to assist you but you cannot expect them to answer you  immediately. Give them a few hours to get back to you. They are dealing with a lot of students nationwide in the first few days of each semester.  Also note that if you wait until the last minute Murphy's Law will inevitably grab you and remind you of itself. Start early is my advice. Here are their regular Help Desk hours:


Spring 2015 - Important Dates
Academic Calendar for the Spring 2015 Semester
Classes begin Monday, January 5
Martin Luther King Day (No classes) Monday, January 19
Speaker Event 1 - Professor Peter Calcagno,"Debts, Deficits, and Budget Rules" on Thursday, January 29, 6:30 p.m. - 8:30 p.m., Whitaker 129
Speaker Event 2 - Dr. Yaron Brook, "Free Speech and the Battle for Western Culture" on Friday, January 30, 11:00 a.m. - 11:50 a.m., Edwards Hall 112

Speaker Event 3 - Casey Latrigue and Cherie Yang, "Escape from North Korea" on Monday, February 9, 11:00 a.m. - 11:50 a.m., Edwards Hall 112
Examination 1 - Monday, February 9 changed to Monday, February 16
Spring Break (No classes) Monday, March 2 - Saturday, March 7

Examination 2 - Monday, March 23
Last day to Drop/Withdraw without Academic Penalty is Friday, March 27

Last Day of Classes is Monday, April 27
Finals Week runs from Tuesday, April 28 through Saturday, May 2
Final Examination Scheduling and Policy -
Final Examination for CRN 10166 - Your final Examination will be held Wednesday, April 29 at 7:30 a.m. - 9:45 a.m. in our classroom. Your continued enrollment in this course beyond the Drop-Add period indicates that you have the Final Examination time blocked out on your schedule. If you cannot make the final examination then go ahead and drop the course now and sign up for a section that has a Final Examination time that fits your schedule.

Grading Policies

Grading Scale:
The University allows assignment of grades on a +/- system. I support that form of grading and keep all final grades in that format. Because a "C" is considered the top grade for a student to progress I have extended the range of a "C" to include what is traditionally the "C-" range.
  A 100.0% to 93.0% A- 92.9% to 90.0%
B+ 89.9% to 87.0% B 86.9% to 83.0% B- 82.9% to 80.0%
C+ 79.9% to 77.0% C 76.9% to 70.0% C- No such grade in my rubric. You need a "C" to move forward in the College of Business.
D+ 69.9% to 67.0% D 66.9% - 63.0% D- 62.9% to 60.0%
F below 59.9%

Graded Assignments:
Graded Assignments Percent of Final Grade Coverage Date Due
Class Participation Grade 15%

Homework is assigned on the Sapling Learning web site and it will provide the major component of your Class Participation Grade. All course assignments are posted to Sapling.

We may also have in-class Pop Quizzes which will be included in this grade. They will be weighted as one homework assignment. Pop quizzes are triggered by two things: (1) any violation of the course electronics policy, and (2) being obviously unprepared for class meetings.

Special Events my be offered that will positively impact your Class Participation Grade. Instructions for these are below this table.

As assigned on the Sapling Learning web site
Celebration of Learning 1 will cover class notes, textbook readings, homework, and any other assigned readings. This examination counts for 25% of your grade. 25%

Textbook: Cowen & Tabarrok
Tentative Chapters 1-7 Examination will cover Chapters 1-6

Each textbook chapter has a Chapter Outline and a set of Learning Objectives that will be used to guide your studying and to build examinations. Use them! See Sapling Learning for readings and assignments for class and outside of class.

Handouts - See Sapling Learning. If there is an indication that it is Worksheet or In-Class Activity be sure to print it and bring it to class.

Examination 1

Monday, February 9 changed to Monday, February 16

Celebration of Learning 2 will cover class notes, textbook readings, homework, and any other assigned readings. This examination counts for 25% of your grade. 25%

Textbook: Cowen & Tabarrok
Tentative Chapters 8-14 Examination will cover Chapters 7 - 12

Each textbook chapter has a Chapter Outline and a set of Learning Objectives that will be used to guide your studying and to build examinations. Use them! See Sapling Learning for readings and assignments for class and outside of class.

Handouts - See Sapling Learning. If there is an indication that it is Worksheet or In-Class Activity be sure to print it and bring it to class.


Examination 2

March 23

Celebration of Learning 3
is COMPREHENSIVE. It will cover class notes, textbook readings homework, and any other assigned readings. The final exam covers all course chapters with slightly heavier relative weight to the chapters covered since Examination 2 (i.e., more questions from those chapters.) This examination counts for 35% of your grade.

Textbook: Cowen & Tabarrok
Tentative Chapters 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 and 20 plus additional chapters will be covered depending upon time (21, 22, 23)

Each textbook chapter has a Chapter Outline and a set of Learning Objectives that will be used to guide your studying and to build examinations. Use them! See Sapling Learning for readings and assignments for class and outside of class.


Handouts - See Sapling Learning. If there is an indication that it is Worksheet or In-Class Activity be sure to print it and bring it to class.



Final Examination for CRN 10166 is Wednesday,
April 29
7:30 a.m. - 9:45 a.m.

Specifics on Grading Policies

Class Participation Grade:
The purpose of Sapling Learning is to learn the materials for each Celebration of Learning (examination.) Sapling lists all assignments and their due dates. Stay abreast and read carefully. In Sapling each homework constitutes a grade. For each six (6) recorded grades I drop one (1) lowest grade. Suppose we had 20 grades - I will drop your three lowest grades (20/6 = 3.33). I round decimals traditionally. Late homework in Sapling earn a score of "0". Do not take the Sapling homework lightly - it represents 15% of your final course grade.

Periodically, you will see a "non-graded assignment" which will start with "Your Turn! _________ " I am using these as handouts and sometimes as active-learning exercises in class so print them out, read the instructions and work them before class. Then bring them to class and be ready to work in small groups.

We may also have in-class "Pop Quizzes" which will be included in this grade. They will be weighted as one homework assignment. Pop quizzes are triggered by two things: (1) any violation of the course electronics policy, and (2) being obviously unprepared for class meetings.

"Special Events" are activities held outside of the class meeting time. Participation in each individual "Special Event" will raise your Class Participation Grade by 2.5%. There is no penalty for not participating - these can only help your Class Participation Grade. Most of them are speakers who we have invited to the university.

These will be open to all students who can go and they require a one-page Word Document synopsis of, and reflection on "What I learned that I did not know before this lecture."  The response is strictly limited to one, typed page. To earn credit you must hand in a hard copy in our regular class meting within one week of the scheduled event. There are no individual extra-credit assignments similar to these Special Events. What is made available to one student, is made available to all students.

Celebrations of Learning (Examinations):
Each Celebration of Learning (examination) covers a specific set of readings that are listed in the course outline and in the table above. Options for examination questions include: multiple choice, short answer, true/false/defend and essays. Where essays are required, I will provide space on the examination for your answer.

The examinations are closed book. Students are required to show a photo ID (FGCU ID, Driver's License, or Passport) to take any examination. Calculators will be checked (see allowable collectors below.) All examinations are the property of the instructor and are not returned to students. The examinations can be reviewed with the instructor during office hours. Students may be assigned or reassigned seats for exams.

Examination Penalties - Each of the following failures reduces your examination score by 1 percentage point.
1. Failure to put your name and roster number on your Scantron.
2. Failure to put your name and roster number on your Examination.
3. Marking the wrong version of the examination on your Scantron.
4. Handing in damaged or altered Scantron sheets which are unreadable.

Scantron Forms
You must bring Scantron forms to all examinations. Use Pearson NCS Test Sheets 100/100, Form No. 95679. They are available at the Book Store. Bring a BLANK Scantron form to each examination - do not write your name on it - I collect them from you and redistribute them at the beginning of the examination. Scantron forms (use Pearson NCS Test Sheets 100/100, Form No. 95679) are available in the Campus Bookstore. Each sheet must be in clean, readable form suitable for scanning. NOTE: You will be required to put your Examination Version on the Scantron. The test bank numbers the Versions: 1,2,3. The Scantron "Version Key" is in the top left hand corner of the Scantron and it is organized alphabetically: A,B, and C. Therefore: A=1; B=2; and C=3.

Missed Examinations or Assignments:
A student must complete the exams at the scheduled times on the scheduled dates or provide written documentation of an Authorized Absence or Excused Absence (FGCU Catalog p.39). An Authorized Absence is due to participation in a sponsored activity that has been approved in advance by the program director and the appropriate student affairs officer. An Excused Absence is due to other causes, such as illness, family emergency, death in the family, or religious holiday. A student seeking an Excused Absence must obtain documentation such as a physician's statement, accident report, or obituary.

If you miss an examination due to an Authorized Absence or an Excused Absence I must have a email or phone call before or during the assessment event - simply not showing up earns a grade of "0" on on any examination or assignment. My email is and my phone number is 590-7162: voice messaging is available at all times. Where I have been notified as explained above, the points for the missed examination will be calculated as the average of your other two examination scores. If you miss two or more examinations you will receive a grade of "0" on both of them and you will receive an "F" in the course.

A missed Final Examination will: (1) lead to an assigned grade of "incomplete" so long as I am contacted prior to the examination as noted above, and (2) require you to take a makeup examination and complete the examination prior to the university's deadline for making up an incomplete. It is your responsibility to contact me and coordinate the process of the makeup examination and the grade change. All incomplete's not completed by the university's deadline automatically become an "F".

Assignments other than examinations (e.g., papers and presentations) lose 10% or one letter grade per day. If a group presentation is required your failure to participate in it earns you an automatic "0" for the presentation portion of that assignment.

Late quizzes or Sapling or Aplia homework's earn a score of "0".

Examination Grade Challenge Policy:
When an exam is handed back we will go over it in class and you will hand it back in during class. Once the examination is handed back to you there is a one-week cooling-off period. Then you can make an appointment with me to come by during office hours and challenge my grading but be prepared. At two weeks after the examination is returned to you, grades on all examinations and assignments are finalized.

Graduation, scholarships, work, financial aid, personal plans, etc. have nothing to do with grades in this course. Grades are based on performance (see the FGCU Catalog.) Course grades are available via Gulfline (see the FGCU Catalog). Come to this course ready to be a responsible student.



Electronics in the Classroom:
One must focus to do university-level work in this field of study. USING ANY OTHER ELECTRONIC DEVICE INCLUDING PHONES, I-PODS, TABLETS, LAPTOPS, RECORDING DEVICES ETC. IS PROHIBITED DURING CLASS MEETINGS. This includes the recording of class lectures or meetings unless required by Federal Legislation under the Americans for Disabilities Act (ADA) with completed and signed FGCU paperwork.

The required calculator for the Lutgert College of Business is the Texas Instruments BA II PLUS. I suggest that you buy one and start learning how to use it - this will make your FIN 3403 class much easier.

There are only four allowable calculators in class. If you show up at an examination with another calculator you will not be able to use it. These four allowable calculators are: (1) SUGGESTED Texas Instruments TI-BA II Plus Financial Calculator, (2) Texas Instruments TI-30zXa, (because engineering students use this one as their standard calculator), (3)TI-30XIIS or TI-30XA (because it is used in mathematics and statistics classes and many students already have it), or (4) a cheap (under $10) non-programmable, standard-function calculator like this one.

Failure to comply with this rule has the following consequence: Any infraction will lead to you being identified as the person responsible for the ensuing Pop Quiz that the entire class will take as a result of your decision to violate classroom rules. These quizzes will be included in your homework grade (Hat Tip to Professor Kerekes).



Academic Honesty is your responsibility and ethical duty. Cheating is a rampant problem on college and university campuses today. As a social scientist, I think it says something quite interesting about our current culture -- or perhaps Glaucon, Adeimantus and Thrasymachus were right (see The Republic of Plato, Part II "Justice in the State and in the Individual", Chapter V, "The Problem Stated".) My attitude concerning academic dishonesty is simple: Cheating is not worth the potential consequences of getting caught nor the self-degradation which it involves whether you are caught or not.

This gets really simple now for anyone who can't understand what I wrote above. If you are caught in an act of Academic Dishonesty (defined as "Cheating, plagiarism, fabrication, forgery, misuse of any University document, record, or instrument of identification, multiple submissions, bribery, and/or theft of academic materials." in the Student Code of Conduct.) you will be assigned an "F" for the entire course. Appropriate steps for dealing with scholastic dishonesty are spelled out in the Student Code of Conduct and these steps will be followed if this activity is revealed in your case. These guidelines pertain to all work done in this class including take home assignments and graded homework. (You have explicit permission to engage in group homework under the conditions outlined above.)

So that plagiarism does not cause you to fail this course read the two following web sites:
A Statement on Plagiarism
Plagiarism: What It is and How to Recognize and Avoid It



Attendance Policy:

"The discipline of colleges and universities is in general contrived, not for the benefit of the students, but for the interest, or more properly speaking, for the ease of the masters. Its object is, in all cases, to maintain the authority of the master, and whether he neglects or performs his duty, to oblige the students in all cases to behave to him as if he performed with the greatest diligence and ability. It seems to presume perfect wisdom and virtue in the one order, and the greatest weakness and folly in the other. Where the masters, however, really perform their duty, there are no examples, I believe, that the greater part of the students ever neglect theirs. No discipline is ever requisite to force attendance upon lectures which are really worth attending…”

An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, Book V, Chapter 1, Part f, Paragraph 15
Adam Smith

My attendance policy is laissez-faire. The translation from French is roughly "to allow to act". In other words, you are allowed to do whatever you want to do with regard to attendance: after all, only you can decide what your opportunity cost is. Whatever your proclivities for attendance might be, you are responsible for the materials of the course.

My reason for this policy is two-fold.

First, I am "old school" in this sense. I truly believe that institutions of higher education ought to be focused on one strategic mission - Education. I am ultimately focused on those students who are here to better themselves and learn content. Not all are so focused, and I want to avoid those who are unengaged, uninterested, and unwilling to take responsibility for their learning spoiling the demeanor of our learning space.

Second, I respect individual decisions and embrace the learning processes that emanate from both good decisions (e.g., taking college seriously as a scholarly opportunity) and bad decisions (e.g., extending adolescent debauchery with a 70% state subsidy.) Not that I have anything against debauchery! I just don't care to aid and abet yours.

Learning is a shared responsibility and as a result I won't be using valuable student office hours to redeliver the lecture because you chose not to come to class. Class lectures are, but, one way to learn - there are others. There are many things covered in class that are assessed in this course so you should definitely obtain a copy of class notes, handouts, cases, etc. from a fellow student should you decide to not attend the class.

Finally, I should note that for nearly all students there is a high and positive correlation between class attendance and grades. I encourage you to be responsible and to fully participate in your education. I will take role daily for administrative purposes and, if need be, to explain to you why you are not doing so well in this course. Role is also required by "Coach" and the federal government for students who are getting federal loans/subsidies.

Assigned Readings:
There may be assigned readings in this course. In order to have an effective class discussion you must: (1) read the article prior to the class meeting, (2) be prepared to both ask and answer questions on the reading and, (3) bring your copy of the article and your notes on it the class meeting. All course assignments including readings are posted to Sapling.

Group Work:
Research in the area of learning has substantiated the positive effects of group study. When carried out with serious effort the returns to group study can be great for all members of the group. I would strongly encourage you to form study groups and set a weekly meeting time to discuss this course. I would ask that you assist each other; treating the study group as a cooperative experience rather than a competitive one. I have no problem with groups working together on the homework assignments.

Unless explicit permission is given (such as homework assignments above), all work handed in must be done alone.  You are welcome to discuss and work together but when you "put pencil to paper" it must be your own work.  To do otherwise will be regarded as an act of academic dishonesty.

Studying for university-level courses


I expect students to spend 2-3 hours of work outside of class for every hour you are in class. This means attending class plus spending 6-9 hours on course work including readings, assignment and studying. For a 15-hour load this means 30-45 hours a week on your courses. A 2007 study by the National Survey of Student Engagement found that full time students self reported (thus, probably an exaggerated report) spending about 13 - 14 hours per week (for a 15-hour load). As I tell my college-enrolled kids, "This may sound like a lot but this is the easiest 30 hour a week job you'll ever have! So stop whining and get the most out of the vast array of resources a university provides you. We owe it to the taxpayers - who subsidize this endeavor to the tune of about 75%. We owe it to ourselves - to be all that we can be."

According to this study, I am swimming upstream. But, swim, I must. Economics is intellectually challenging and rigorous.

On the upside, Stinebrickner & Stinebrickner in 2007 find that studying an extra hour per week has the same effect on student achievement as a 5-point increase in your ACT scores.

As part of the content of this course you need to watch a video series by Dr. Stephen Chew.  He is a professor and psychologist at Samford University and specializes in the cognitive bases of effective teaching and learning. Here is the link: How to Get the Most Out of Studying


Dr. Hobbs' Study Handouts For Principles Students:
Also print these out and read them carefully.
Study Handout #1:
Studying for a Principles of Economics Course - The ARA Approach
Study Handout #2: Studying for a Principles of Economics Course - Constructing a Set of Class Notes.
Study Handout #3:
Valuable Lesson in Learning

There are questions from these on the Syllabus Quiz.

Sources :
National Survey of Student Engagement. Experiences That Matter: Enhancing Student Learning and Success. Bloomington, IN: Center for Postsecondary Research, 2007.

Stinebrickner, T. & Stinebrickner, R. "The Causal Effect of Studying on Academic Performance." Working Paper W13341. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research, Aug. 2007.

(Thanks to Professor Linda Ray for these tidbits of truth.)

Need a Tutor?
"The Center for Academic Achievement (CAA) offers academic support services for any FGCU student.  The services are at no extra charge to students and include: peer tutoring, Supplemental Instruction, Student Success Workshops, and individualized academic coaching.  If you would like to participate in or learn more about these services, please visit the CAA in Library 103.  You may also email the CAA at or call at (239) 590-7906.  The CAA website is

University Required Statements

"The bureaucrat begins, perhaps, by doing only what he conceives to be his sworn duty, but unless there are very efficient four-wheel brakes upon him he soon adds a multitude of inventions of his own, all of them born of his professional virtuosity and designed to lather and caress his sense of power."
H.L. Mencken, On Politics: A Carnival of Buncombe (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1996 [1956]), pp. 278-279.

General Education Program
This course qualifies as a General Education course in the Social Sciences subject area. The economic way of thinking relies heavily on the usage of critical thinking skills (the ability to link data, knowledge, and insight to make better decisions). Critical thinking is one of the four General Education competencies. All General Education courses are required to have a plan for assessing their students’ performance on at least one of those four competencies. To meet that requirement, there will be several questions on your final exam designed to assess your critical thinking skills. Those questions will be directly related to the economics content covered in your textbook and in class lectures.

Departmental Course Scheduling
Planning for and meeting all requirements of graduation are your responsibility.  Regularized course offering schedules are available from LCOB advisors, as are prerequisite sequences as described in the Catalog and degree program sheets, to assist students in the successful implementation of their plans. Course substitutions and prerequisite exceptions are only granted in exceptional circumstances clearly beyond the control of students and come through LCOB Advisors - not Professors. Lack of planning and poor planning are not exceptional circumstances.

Academic Behavior Standards and Academic Dishonesty
All students are expected to demonstrate honesty in their academic pursuits. The university policies regarding issues of honesty can be found in the FGCU Student Guidebook under the Student Code of Conduct and Policies and Procedures sections. All students are expected to study this document which outlines their responsibilities and consequences for violations of the policy. The FGCU Student Guidebook is available online at

Disability Accommodations Services
Florida Gulf Coast University, in accordance with the Americans with Disabilities Act and the university’s guiding principles, will provide classroom and academic accommodations to students with documented disabilities.  If you need to request an accommodation in this class due to a disability, or you suspect that your academic performance is affected by a disability, please see me or contact the Office of Adaptive Services.  The Office of Adaptive Services is located in Howard Hall, room 137.  The phone number is 590-7956 or TTY 590-7930.  In addition to classroom and campus accommodations, individuals with disabilities are encouraged to create their personal emergency evacuation plan and FGCU is committed to providing information on emergency notification procedures. You can find information on the emergency exits and Areas of Rescue Assistance for each building, as well as other emergency preparedness materials on the Environmental Health and Safety and University Police Department websites.  If you will need assistance in the event of an emergency due to a disability, please contact Adaptive Services for available services and information.

Student Observance of Religious Holidays
All students at Florida Gulf Coast University have a right to expect that the University will reasonably accommodate their religious observances, practices, and beliefs. Students, upon prior notification to their instructors, shall be excused from class or other scheduled academic activity to observe a religious holy day of their faith. Students shall be permitted a reasonable amount of time to make up the material or activities covered in their absence. Students shall not be penalized due to absence from class or other scheduled academic activity because of religious observances. Where practicable, major examinations, major assignments, and University ceremonies will not be scheduled on a major religious holy day. A student who is to be excused from class for a religious observance is not required to provide a second party certification of the reason for the absence.

The eight questions you should never ask your professor

Just for fun ;-)

If you were to ask me any one of these, my standard responses follow.

  1. Will I miss anything by not being in class tomorrow? Of course you will miss something by not being in class, unless I am already wasting my time and yours.
  2. May I hand in this assignment late? Deadline. Think about the word dead; and then the word line.
  3. Is this good enough for full credit? You are a university student and should be developing that assessment yourself. This is how it works: You hand it in. I grade it.
  4. Since I got such a poor score can I resubmit it? I neither "give" grades nor do I "fail" students. Every score - poor and depressing or glorious and wonderful - that I record, you earned. So, own it. I certainly applaud students who do poorly and then go back to learn from their mistakes on examinations, but your initial grade stands.
  5. Is there anything I can do for extra credit? You aren't doing so well on the regular credit. I'd hate to load you up with anything extra.
  6. Will this be on the examination? Perhaps. Anything we cover or that is assigned in this course is fair game.
  7. Are you busy? I sure am! I have a galloping career that involves teaching, service, and research. However, I have a duty and an obligation to respond to your inquiries and concerns. I went into teaching because I liked it and I would be happy to help serious students. I have set office hours aside for this purpose and will make appointments outside of office hours.
  8. "I knew the material; I just don't test well." Yes, I know, I graded your examination. Realize that you must also be able to communicate your knowledge. There are three steps on the road to understanding a corpus body of knowledge: acquisition, retention, and application. You may also be overestimating how well you know the materials because you have stopped too early in this process. See this link! And this one!
NOTE: The schedule and coverage in this course are subject to change in the event of changing circumstances. Procedural aspects of the syllabus are set in concrete.
Web page Last Updated on March 15, 2015

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FGCU 1997. The framework and images are those of an official FGCU web page.

Bradley K. Hobbs, Ph.D. 2001. All written portions of this work are those of Bradley K. Hobbs and his alone.
Intellectual property rights are claimed over my intellectual product (Read "Capitalism" by Ayn Rand.)